Freedom and Justice for All
In this unit, students will review the events that led to the colonies declaring their independence and the formation of a new form of government of the people and by the people.
- How do historians gain insight into past events, and how do they tell the story today?
- How did a ragtag volunteer army defeat a global superpower?
- Was the Revolutionary War really revolutionary?
- Review the political landscape of Revolutionary period.
Objective 1: Review concepts of primary and secondary sources, and explore the questions historians seek to answer in order to interpret the significance of events.
- Using the Lesson from George W. Bush Library on Primary and Secondary Sources, identify numerous examples of primary and secondary sources.
Objective 2: Analyze the following events which led to the American Revolution: Tea Act, Stamp Act, Boston Massacre, Intolerable Acts, Declaration of Independence.
- Explain how the chart visually represents analysis of the American Revolution with a metaphor.
- Explain how the Seven Years War led to the Stamp Act.
- Compare the British and American viewpoints. Chapter 7: Digital History, Stamp Act video segment
- Explain why Britain levied the Stamp Act, and describe ways in which colonists, particularly in Boston, protested (Video segment 6:03-15:06). Viewing Guide , Chapter 8: Digital History
- Explain how and why the British impose the Townshend Act.
Analyze the of painting of the Boston Massacre for its reliability in representing the event, and as a piece of political propaganda. Use Thing Link infographic or the article and animated painting from the Gilder Lehrman Foundation to check observations.
- Compare the British and American perspectives of the Boston Tea Party and write a persuasive essay on which is more justified.
Objective 3: Describe the impact of the following key individuals on the Revolutionary War: Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Patrick Henry, Thomas Paine, King George III
- Identify some famous people who belonged to the Sons of Liberty, and explain why they were so effective.
“Punch, Wine, Pipes and Tobacco…”
John Adams attended a Sons of Liberty Meeting in 1766 where all members of the Loyal Nine were present along with Patriot Henry Wells. Adams offers us a rare glimpse into these gatherings: “Jany. 15, 1766 – I spent the evening with the Sons of Liberty at their own appointment, in Hanover Square, near the ‘Tree of Liberty.’ It is a counting-room in Chase and Speakman’s distillery. A very small room it is. There were present Jon Avery a distiller, of liberal education, John Smith the brazier, Thomas Crafts the painter, Benjamin Edesthe printer, Stephen Cleverly brazier, Thomas Chase distiller, Joseph Field master of a vessel, Henry Bass, Geo. Trott jeweler, and Henry Wells. I was very cordially and respectfully treated by all present. We had punch, wine, pipes and tobacco, biscuit and cheese, etc. they chose a committee to make preparation for a grand rejoicing upon the arrival of the news of the repeal of the stamp act.”
from The Boston Tea Party Ships and Museum website
Print Biographies: Important People of the American Revolution
Secondary Source: Terms of Estrangement article
Literature Connection: The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Objective 5: Describe the significance of key events in the Revolutionary War: major battles (e.g. Lexington, Saratoga, Trenton), aid from France, surrender at Yorktown
The Shot Heard Round the World
- Chapter 11, The Battle of Lexington
- Revolutionary War in4: Lexington and Concord from Civil War Trust on Vimeo
The First Continental Congress and the Road to War
First Continental Congress: 5:00- 12:00, Common Sense: 39:00- 43:00, The Declaration of Independence 44:00- 53:00
The Declaration of Independence: The best breakup letter of all time!
Jigsaw Activity: Students will read the Declaration of Independence in 4 sections and summarize the meaning.
Major Battles of The Revolutionary War